﻿ Generic two integer variable equation solver

# Generic two integer variable equation solver

1. Alpertron
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3. Generic two integer variable equation solver
ax² + bxy + cy² + dx + ey + f = 0

This calculator can solve equations of the form a⁢x² + b⁢x⁢y + c⁢y² + dx + ey + f = 0 where the unknowns x and y are integer numbers.

You can type numbers or numerical expressions on the input boxes.

The calculator accepts numbers of up to 10000 digits, but notice that the algorithm requires the factorization of some numbers (in general large numbers cannot be factored in a reasonable amount of time). The factorization engine is the one used in the Elliptic Curve Method factorization applet, that uses the methods ECM and SIQS.

If there are too many solutions, the application could run out of memory. In this case it will not show anything.

## Expressions

You can also enter expressions that use the following operators and parentheses:

• - for subtraction
• * for multiplication
• / for integer division
• % for modulus (remainder of the integer division)
• ^ or ** for exponentiation (the exponent must be greater than or equal to zero).
• <, ==, >; <=, >=, != for comparisons. The operators return zero for false and -1 for true.
• AND, OR, XOR, NOT for binary logic. The operations are done in binary (base 2). Positive (negative) numbers are prepended with an infinite number of bits set to zero (one).
• SHL: When b ≥ 0, a SHL b shifts a left the number of bits specified by b. This is equivalent to a × 2b. Otherwise, a SHL b shifts a right the number of bits specified by −b. This is equivalent to floor(a / 2b). Example: 5 SHL 3 = 40.
• SHR: When b ≥ 0, a SHR b shifts a right the number of bits specified by b. This is equivalent to floor(a / 2b). Otherwise, a SHR b shifts a left the number of bits specified by −b. This is equivalent to a × 2b. Example: -19 SHR 2 = -5.
• n!: factorial (n must be greater than or equal to zero). Example: 6! = 6 × 5 × 4 × 3 × 2 = 720.
• p#: primorial (product of all primes less or equal than p). Example: 12# = 11 × 7 × 5 × 3 × 2 = 2310.
• B(n): Previous probable prime before n. Example: B(24) = 23.
• F(n): Fibonacci number Fn from the sequence 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, etc. where each element equals the sum of the previous two members of the sequence. Example: F(7) = 13.
• L(n): Lucas number Ln = Fn-1 + Fn+1
• N(n): Next probable prime after n. Example: N(24) = 29.
• P(n): Unrestricted Partition Number (number of decompositions of n into sums of integers without regard to order). Example: P(4) = 5 because the number 4 can be partitioned in 5 different ways: 4 = 3+1 = 2+2 = 2+1+1 = 1+1+1+1.
• Gcd(m,n): Greatest common divisor of these two integers. Example: GCD(12, 16) = 4.
• Modinv(m,n): inverse of m modulo n, only valid when m and n are coprime, menaning that they do not have common factors. Example: Modinv(3,7) = 5 because 3 × 5 ≡ 1 (mod 7)
• Modpow(m,n,r): finds mn modulo r. Example: Modpow(3, 4, 7) = 4, because 34 ≡ 4 (mod 7).
• Totient(n): finds the number of positive integers less than n which are relatively prime to n. Example: Totient(6) = 2 because 1 and 5 do not have common factors with 6.
• IsPrime(n): returns zero if n is not probable prime, -1 if it is. Example: IsPrime(5) = -1.
• NumDivs(n): Number of positive divisors of n. Example: NumDivs(28) = 6 because the divisors of 28 are 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 and 28.
• SumDivs(n): Sum of all positive divisors of n. Example: SumDivs(28) = 56 because 1 + 2 + 4 + 7 + 14 + 28 = 56.
• NumDigits(n,r): Number of digits of n in base r. Example: NumDigits(13, 2) = 4 because 13 in binary (base 2) is expressed as 1101.
• SumDigits(n,r): Sum of digits of n in base r. Example: SumDigits(213, 10) = 6 because the sum of the digits expressed in decimal is 2+1+3 = 6.
• RevDigits(n,r): finds the value obtained by writing backwards the digits of n in base r. Example: RevDigits(213, 10) = 312.
• ConcatFact(m,n): Concatenates the prime factors of n according to the mode expressed in m which follows this table:
ConcatFact function modes
ModeOrder of factorsRepeated factors
0AscendingNo
1DescendingNo
2AscendingYes
3DescendingYes

You can use the prefix 0x for hexadecimal numbers, for example 0x38 is equal to 56.

The exponentiation symbol is not present in some mobile devices, so two asterisks ** can by typed as the exponentiation operator.

## Source code

You can download the source of the current program and the old quadratic integer equation applet from GitHub. Notice that the source code is in C language and you need the Emscripten environment in order to generate Javascript.

Written by Dario Alpern. Last updated 21 December 2019.